Posted December 20, 2017 12:23 pm   Published by    BobCAD-CAM ">

Pocketing is one of the most common types of Toolpaths that any job shop manufacture will turn to in their daily projects. Whether you are new to using CAD-CAM software or a seasoned programmer, you’ll want to know where these options are and how to use them. The advantages of using offline programming software for job shop manufacturers can be found in the additional cutting options offline CAD-CAM systems like BobCAD have to offer.
 
1- Zig Zag
This classic pocketing Toolpath has been around for years and is still very popular for its direct style pattern. Users define the lace angle and Stepover to control how aggressive the tool is engaged with material and the direction of cut.
CAM software pocket parameters
 
 
 
 
 
cam software zig zag pocket
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zig Zag Pocketing does offer a special feature that can help woodworking applications. Programmers can choose a final contour pass to run before or after the pocket pattern. This cleanup pass is helpful to run first while most of the material is left on the part, this way your smaller islands do not “chip” away.
 
Pro Tip: Another CAD-CAM advantage of Zig Zag pocketing is the ability to use up to 100% Stepover.
 
2/3- Offset-In/ out
Offset pocketing is also a classic pocketing pattern used by job shop manufactures all over the world. Programmers define a Stepover % (a different way to describe Stepover would be width-of-cut or WOC) to control how aggressive the tool will be engaged with the material. With offset pocketing, the users choose from offsetting-in or offsetting-out, controlling which direction the tool works its way in our out.
cam software offset pocket stepover
 
 
 
 
 
cam software offset pocket
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pro Tip: Offset style pocketing is best used with a Stepover % less than ½ the cutter.
 
4- Spiral Pocket
This very popular conversational pocket pattern has made its way into modern CAM software because of how practical and useful a true spiral pocket can be. Spiral pocketing can only be used in circular geometry, that means arcs/diameters only! Users define a direction by choosing offset-in or offset-out. To control how aggress the tool engages the material, a Stepover % is used.
cam software offset pocket stepover
 
 
 
 
 
cad-cam software spiral pocket
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pro Tip: Spiral pocketing uses arc segments in your G-code so you’ll have short, efficient, smooth running toolpath.

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5- Advanced Pocket
Advanced pocketing is another offset-style pocket with a twist. All other pocketing Toolpath will remain inside the boundaries you select, whereas advanced pocketing can start outside of the pocket boundary, which is why it’s also known as an “Open Pocket”. Programmers define a stepover % just like the other pocket Toolpaths.
cam software one-way cutting
 
 
 
 
 
How do you define the “open” area of the pocket?
 
cad-cam open pocket boundary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BobCAD uses a dotted line boundary to define the “open” areas of the pocket boundary.
 
cam software advanced pocket
 
Pro Tip: Advanced pocketing support outside in “open pocketing” and inside out “open pocketing”
 
6- Adaptive Pocket
What pocketing pattern supports 2X diameter cutting, up to 100% Stepover, high-speed machining and power milling? Adaptive pocketing does, which is a form of trochoidal milling. This efficient cutting pattern uses smooth transitions in and out of the cut, allowing for some amazing material removal rates! Some users have cut cycle times but as much as 70% by using this pocketing pattern alone. Adaptive pocketing gives the users independent Stepover control for climb and conventional passes. They also can control how small areas are that they want to drive the tool into when controlling the Minimal Curvature Radius.
Minimal Curvature Radius
 
 
 
 
 
 
adaptive pocketing pattern in cad-cam software
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pro Tip: When first using adaptive pocketing, use the same Stepover speeds and feeds you’d use with an offset pocket. This starting point will help you release how much more you can push your machine using this very modern pocketing Toolpath.
 
7- Rest Roughing
How do you clean up material left in the corners of your part where larger tools didn’t fit? Rest roughing! This pocketing pattern allows programmers to target material left behind by the previous cutter. Rest roughing can be created as either an offset pattern or an adaptive pattern.
 
How does the software know what the previous cutter was?
 
cad-cam rest roughing
 
 
 
 
 
 
The previous tool information is loaded automatically, with the control to override settings as needed.
 
Rest Pocketing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pro Tip: By adjusting the previous tool diameter you’ll change where the software “thinks” there is material. You can use this to create more overlapping Toolpath.

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Summary
7 CAD-CAM Software Pocket Types and How They Work
Article Name
7 CAD-CAM Software Pocket Types and How They Work
Description
Pocketing is one of the most common types of Toolpaths that any job shop manufacture will turn to in their daily projects. Whether you are new to using CAD-CAM software or a seasoned programmer, you’ll want to know where these options are and how to use them.
Author
BobCAD-CAM Software


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  1. Larry Grace says:

    Very interesting! I will try it soon.

    Thanks,
    Larry

  2. Charley Briggs says:

    This answers many questions, as a fairly new CNC programmer I have ran into these several times and still have questions about contours on them…

  3. Bill khamis says:

    Good summary. I actually have your software and have used all 7. The rest roughing and adaptive are just amazing. Keep the good work up.

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